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Open the app  # Beyond Science Fiction

## Gunesh Reddy S

The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment is Known as Science. So In this Podcast I am Going to share My science Knowledge with You So to Listen to this Podcast please DOWNLOAD this Podcast. Also If you find this Podcast Knowledgeable, Informative Or Useful then SHARE this Podcast With Your Friends.  All episodes

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In This Episode I am Going to Explain About Gravitation. You can listen To this Podcast And Share this with your friends but still if you want detailed Information then Here it's Below:-

Gravitation is the force of attraction between any two bodies. All the objects in the universe attract each other with a certain amount of force, but in most of the cases, the force is too weak to be observed due to the very large distance of separation. This force of attraction was first observed by Sir Isaac Newton and was presented as Newton’s law of gravitation in the year 1680.What is Gravitational Force?

Each body in this universe attracts other bodies towards itself with a force known as Gravitational Force, thus gravitation is a study of the interaction between two masses. Out of the two masses, the heavier one is called source mass and the lighter one is called test mass.

Gravitational force is a central force which depends only on the position of test mass from the source mass and always acts along the line joining the centers of the two masses.

F⃗ (r) = f(r) r^

The core problem of gravitation has always been in understanding the interaction between the two masses and the relativistic effects associated with it.

⇒ Check: Gravitational field intensity

### History of Gravitational Theory:

Ptolemy has proposed geocentric model which failed in understanding planetary motions led to the development of heliocentric model by Nicholas Copernicus whose idea is based on rotation of a test mass around the source mass in circular orbits, although the model correctly predicts the position of planets and their motions but has failed in explaining many aspects like the occurrence of seasons which led the construction of a model based on Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.

## Newton’s Law of Gravitation

According to Newton’s law of gravitation, “Every particle in the universe attracts every other particle with a force whose magnitude is,

• Directly proportional to the product of their masses i.e. F ∝ (M1M2) . . . . (1)
• Inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their center i.e. (F ∝ 1/r2) . . . . (2)

On combining equations (1) and (2) we get,

F ∝ M1M2/r2

F = G × [M1M2]/r2 . . . . (7)

Or, f(r) = GM1M2/r2 [f(r)is a variable, Non-contact, and conservative force]

As f(r) varies inversely as a square of ‘r’ it is also known as inverse square law force. The proportionality constant (G) in the above equation is known as gravitational constant.

The dimension formula of G is [M-1L3T-2]. Also, the value of the gravitational constant,

• In SI units: 6.67 × 10-11 Nm2 kg-2,
• In CGS units: 6.67×10-8 dyne cm2 g-2
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